Take a look at the below list of Top 10 Wonders of The Ancient World in 2016-2017. The Wonders of the World are still considered the greatest engineering and architectural feats that the world has ever known. These ancient places were constructed by knowledgeable people who lacked technology and equipment but used their drive, desire and will to accomplish great feats of engineering. They have made some of the most timeless and world renown constructions on the planet.
Regardless of the knowledge and science they might have lacked; ancient peoples were able over to overcome their shortcomings. They used their ingenuity to build great structures that would represent their way of life and religious beliefs for thousands of years. Here is a list of the top 10 Wonders of the World. These great monuments from the past still amaze and thrill people in modern times.
List of Top 10 Wonders of The Ancient World till 2016-2017
1. Great Pyramid of Giza
In the past, Egypt used to be a powerful and dominating nation. This great country used to be a superpower in the world. The Egyptian’s influence spread far and wide in North Africa and all throughout the Middle East.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is an old construction. As a matter of fact, it is the oldest of all the ancient wonders on earth. This building was constructed out of gigantic monolithic stones that were drug and lifted into place by thousands of men.
The Pyramids were built over a 20-year time period and when the construction was completed it measured a whopping 481 feet high. This ancient wonder was truly a towering structure for ancient people. None of them ever witnessed the modern skyscrapers and buildings that people see today. So, for an ancient structure – the Pyramid of Giza was beyond belief.
Today, the Pyramids still remain in Egypt and they are a reminder to the world that Egypt used to be one of the greatest kingdoms on Earth. By the way, the pyramids were burial tombs for the pharaohs. That is the ultimate purpose that they served.
2. Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The ancient Babylonians were a powerful very religious people in the past. Today, the nations of Iran and Iraq are in the same location of ancient Babylon. The former Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II ruled ancient Babylon sometime around 605 B.C. He had a wife who came from the land of Medes and her name was Queen Amytis.
During her time in Babylon she missed the green scenery that her former country provided her. The land of Babylon was a desert and it could not compare to the queen’s home. So, King Nebuchadnezzar II decided to create a lush garden for his wife. He created the first recognizable green structure in the world.
Once the gardens were constructed they were an amazing feat. They were watered with a system that appeared to flow up and not down and the gardens seemed to float over some parts of the area. Queen Amytis was happy with her husband’s efforts.
The location for the Hanging Gardens was never verified. However, more than one credible ancient source stated that the Hanging Gardens were located in Babylon during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon still remains a welcomed edition to the Great Wonders of the World.
3. Statue of Zeus at Olympia
The Greek people have given the world many great cultural and societal benefits. The Olympics originated in Greece, the Greeks produced some of the world’s greatest warriors and they have given the world the Greek gods. The king of these gods is known as Zeus. He ruled the other Greek deities on Mt. Olympus. The ancient Greeks made the Statue of Zeus at Olympia.
This statue measures 43 feet tall and was sculpted by a Greek named Phidias around 435 B.C. Phidias sculpted Zeus in a sitting position. He is seated on his throne. The statue of Zeus was destroyed sometime during the 5th century but many credible ancient sources verify that the statue existed.
An excavation team found remains of the workshop where the statue was constructed in 1958. They tried to rebuild the ancient statue but were not successful. Between the descriptions from ancient sources and the findings in the workshop that was discovered, archaeologists and historians were able to piece this wonder together to figure out how it looked.
4. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus is considered another Wonder of the World. This temple is not as popular as some of the other wonders but it is considered one of the original 7 Wonders of the World. Artemis was destroyed and rebuilt at least three times throughout its existence. In 401 A.D. it was completely annihilated.
By the way, Artemis is an ancient Greek deity and people worshipped at his temle. People who visited this temple were impressed by what they saw. Currently, the temple sits in ruins and archaeologists, historians and building engineers have managed to reconstruct what the temple looked like based off its remaining foundation.
5. Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
Once again, many of the Wonders of the World were designed for religious reasons. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is proof of that religious fervor inspired many ancient people to build great things. The Greeks have another ancient Wonder on this list and it is known as the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus.
This tomb was built sometime around 350 B.C. for a Persian ruler named Mausolus and his wife Artemisia II of Caria. It was designed by two Greek architects named Satyros and Pythius. The structure was 148 feet high and was decorated with many Greek styled sculptures. The temple was destroyed by an earthquake that happened in the 15th century.
6. Colossus of Rhodes
Greek architects and sculptors had to be among the finest in the ancient world. Once again, most of the ancient wonders that appear on this list came from the Greeks. The Colossus of Rhodes is another example of Greek superiority with structural design.
The Colossus of Rhodes was constructed to celebrate the victory of Rhodes over Cyprus sometime around 305 B.C. The statue was made to a height of 108 feet and it was considered the tallest statue in the ancient world. Colossus of Rhodes was dedicated in honor of the sun god Helios as a sacrifice for the victory he had given them. Eventually the statue was destroyed by an earthquake sometime around 226 B.C.
7. Lighthouse of Alexandria
The Lighthouse of Alexandria is sometimes referred to as the Pharos of Alexandria. It is a lighthouse that was built sometime between 280 and 247 B.C. The Greek Pharaohs who ruled Egypt during this time period had the lighthouse constructed.
Alexander the Great created Alexandria after he conquered Egypt. Once he conquered the city the lighthouse was built in his honor. The Lighthouse of Alexandria provided light to the waterways that surrounded Alexandria and Pharos.
The Alexandria’s lighthouse was one of the tallest structures in the ancient world. Ships observing the lighthouse could see it from miles away. Around the 14th century an earthquake leveled the monument causing it go into ruin.
8. Mausoleum of Taj Mahal, Agra, India
The Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is an Indian wonder. It was constructed in the 17th century by a famous Indian ruler named Shah Jahan. He created this magnificent palace like structure to bury his wife. It took 20 years to compete this building. This wonder was constructed out of white marble and would appear to change colors in the sun or moon light.
The Taj Mahal is estimated to have cost $827 million dollars and it took over 20 years to compete. This burial tomb still remains today and is now a tourist attraction for millions. In 1983 it was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being “the jewel of Muslim art in India. The structure is a constant reminder to many Indian people about their proud heritage, history and way of life.
9. The Great Wall of China, China
At one point during their history, China had a serious immigration problem within foreigners crossing their borders. These illegal immigrants were not going into China to settle into a better way of life, they wanted to take it over and destroy it. So many Chinese rulers built a huge wall to keep them out.
The Great Wall of China was used to control an unwanted immigration problem that took place around 220 B.C. The wall was continuously extended until sometime during the 14th century. Many of the raiding nomadic tribes that were crossing over into China from the northern Steppes happened intermittently throughout that time period.
The Chinese rulers had to ensure that the barbarians were kept in checked. So the wall served that purpose. The wall stretches for well over 13,000 miles and is considered one of the last remaining wonders today. However, the Great Wall of China is not included in the original 7 Great Wonders of the World.
The Roman Colosseum is a place of great significance. The Colosseum is a structure where modern sporting events such as football, soccer, basketball and hockey stadiums, court and rink are derived. In the past, great warriors known as gladiators would battle within the Colosseum for the amusement of the masses. These were the ancient games of the past that would rival a modern day football game in America.
The Colosseum was built sometime around 70 A.D. and it remained in place for hundreds of years. The Colosseum underwent many changes over the years due to natural disaster. Parts of the structure were stripped away to use the materials for other building projects. Today, the Colosseum still remains in Rome, but it is now a tourist attraction and monument that reminds people of Rome’s former glory.
These are the Great Wonders of the World today. These structures and statues are reminder of the past lives that people lived in the world. In modern times, man has built many great buildings and objects but many of them to do not compare to the magnificent edifices from ancient times.