Take a look at the below list of Top 10 Best Man Made Wonders in The World 2017. Man has been known to be a pioneer in many fields from the ancient world all the way to present day. From making fire to building rockets; from looking at stars to visiting them, man has superseded his reach in life. What makes man even more amazing is his ability to create wonders that are beyond belief; the tools and technology of their time seemed simple compared to what man created. These Man Made Wonders have been around almost as long as man himself and stand the test of time. Here are the Top 10 Man Made Wonder of the World.
List of Top 10 Best Man Made Wonders in The World 2017
One of the most visited and baffling man made wonders is Stonehenge. The mystery behind this ancient wonder has seen one million visitors a year including, archaeologists, historians, and the like trying to unlock its secrets. Many believe that construction began over 5,000 years ago. The construction has undergone many evolutions spanning centuries. The largest stones known as sarsens are up to 30 feet tall and weigh 25 tons. They are believed to have come from the Marlborough Downs, which is about 20 miles north from the monument. What’s more intriguing is the inner circle of smaller stones. These smaller stones are known as blue stones because of their bluish tinge when they are wet or freshly broken. These stones weigh up to four tons. The most amazing fact about the bluestones is they traveled over 200 miles from Western Wales to Stonehenge in Salisbury Plains, England.
9. Machu Picchu
The ancient city of Machu Picchu is almost hidden on a small hilltop between the Andean Mountain Range in Peru. The city was lost to the world until its discovery in 1911. The city was discovered by American archaeologist, Hiram Bingham. Bingham had arrived in Peru hoping to find the last great Incan stronghold against the Spanish known as Vilcabamba. Instead he found the great Incan city of Machu Picchu. Machu Picchu has been though of by many historians as a sacred religious site or royal estate of Incan leaders. The city itself is divided into three sections; agricultural, religious, and urban. The structures themselves are arranged so that the function of each building matches the form of its surroundings as it was carved from the land itself. This ancient site stretches over 5 miles and has over 3,000 stone steps linking its multiple levels.
Angkor in Cambodia was built by the Khmer civilization between 802 and 1220 AD. From this city, the kings ruled over a vast kingdom reaching from today’s Vietnam and China to the Bay of Bengal. There are over 100 stone temples that have survived over the centuries. They show a grand city that was deeply based in the Hindu Religion. The grandest temple known as Angkor Wat was by King Suryavarman II. It was dedicated to the Hindu God Vishnu. Construction of the temple took over 30 years to complete. Angkor Wat is known as a replica of the universe carved from stone. The central tower in the center represents the mythical mountain, Meru. The walls and moats represent mountain ranges and cosmic oceans. Though it was first built as a temple for the Hindu religion, many Buddhist travel there and use the temple for their religious purposes.
The city of Petra, Jordan was carved out of the rock itself. The Nabataean carved this beautiful ancient capital around the second century BC. Petra was a thriving trade center as well as the capital of the Nabataean empire from 400BC to 106 AD. The city was carved into the red, white, pink and sandstone faces of the cliffs themselves. The biblical name of the city was known as Sela. It was supposedly built at the same place where Moses struck and water gushed forth during the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt. It was renamed from the Greek word Petra meaning “rock”. The city thrived until the 12th century where it suddenly disappeared from the world. It was rediscovered in 1812 by Johan Ludwig Burckhardt and has become not only a tourist attraction, but a place to visit on a pilgrimage as well.
Teotihuacan, Mexico is an amazing ancient city. Its greatest mystery lies in who built it. The city was named Teotihuacán meaning “place where gods were born.” The name was given many centuries later by the Aztecs around 1320 AD. The first people moved into the area around 500 BC. Around 100 BC, construction of the Pyramid of the Sun began. From then on the city became a bustling epicenter of culture and commerce in ancient Mesoamerica. The city of Teotihuacán was greater than Rome itself both in size and population. The city consists of pyramids built and dedicated to the gods of the Sun, Moon, and Stars. There are also multiple sacrificial alters. Although scholars are unsure of the religion of those living in Teotihuacán, one thing is for certain; they sacrificed thousands of people to the gods then suddenly abandoned their city for unknown reasons. This is one of the Top 10 Best Man Made Wonders in The World 2017.
The Colosseum was a gift from Emperor Vespasian of the Flavian Dynasty. He commissioned its design around 70-72 AD as a gift to the Roman people. Construction was finished on the grandiose amphitheatre in just nine years. It was opened by Emperor Vespasian’s son, Titus in 80 AD. The opening ceremonies consisted of 100 days of games. The games consisted of gladiatorial combat, wild animal fights and even naval battles. It was said that over 5,000 animals and 2,000 gladiators were killed during these games. The Colosseum was capable of holding over 50,000 spectators. The spectators were protected by the elements such as the sun and rain by sails known as velarium. These sails were around the top of the attic. The Colosseum was actively used for over four centuries. Though around two-thirds of the amphitheatre has been destroyed over time, the Colosseum still remains as a symbol of power of the Great Roman Empire.
The Moai are more famously known as the Easter Island Heads, but this has been proven to be a false statement. When archaeologists came to Easter Island, Chile to explore these ancient artifacts, they discovered full bodies underneath. The Moai statues were carved around 1400-1650 AD by natives of Easter Island known as the Rapa Nui. There are over 1000 statues that have been discovered all around the island. The majority of the statues were carved from the volcano known as Rano Raraku. They were chiseled and carved by simple hand tools. The reason for the Moai statues was for the Rapa Nui to pay respect to their chieftains and other great ancestors and leaders who had passed on. The spirit of those that passed on would watch over the tribe through the Moai statues and bring good fortune.
3. Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is one of the most beautiful and recognized gifts of love ever erected. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan wanted to build it to house the remains of his most cherished wife, Mumatz Mahal. She had died in 1631 while giving birth to their fourteenth child. A year later, the grieving emperor began the construction of a grand mausoleum. Construction lasted around 22 years. The Taj Mahal is an amazing example of the Mughal architecture which was influenced by Indian, Persian, and Islamic architecture. It was created with white marble which was inlaid with semi-precious stones including jade, amethyst, turquoise, crystal, and lapis lazuli. These stones formed designs in an intricate technique known as pietra dura. Surrounding the white domed mausoleum is other buildings as well as reflecting pools and gardens.
2. Pyramids of Giza
The Pyramids of Giza are the last surviving of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. How these pyramids were built is still argued by archaeologists, historians, and others. The most regarded theory is that Egyptians employed an embankment that sloped and encircled the pyramids. It was made of brick, earth, and sand and grew in height and length as the pyramids rose. The largest of the Pyramids is the Great Pyramid. It was constructed for the Pharaoh Khufu. It was built over a span of twenty years. Though it was first speculated that over 100,000 slaves were used, many archaeologists have found evidence that is was probably closer to 20,000 Egyptian laborers. The pyramid was built from over 2.3 million blocks each weighing around 2.5 tons. The other pyramids were erected by his son, mother, queens and other members of the royal family so that they could all be joined in the afterlife.
1. Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is the longest man made wonder ever built. It is so grand in scale it can actually be seen from out space! The wall is actually built of numerous walls and fortifications that have been built over many centuries. The combination of the entire wall is over 5,500 miles long. Though the first part of the wall can be trace back to around the 3rd century B.C., the most iconic section was built during the Ming Dynasty from 1368 -1644. The premise behind the wall was to keep warring tribes and other invaders from entering China, but it never effectively prevented to do so. Instead it had become more of a psychological barrier between the Chinese civilization and the rest of the world. It is a powerful symbol showing the enduring strength of the country.
These are the Top 10 Best Man Made Wonders in The World 2017. Whether their secrets are still a mystery or they are just now being discovered, these ancient monuments are truly breathtaking. They are a representation of the endurance of man to build something greater than himself for someone or something greater than himself. If you want to share in the awe and wonder of what our ancestors have accomplished, visit one of these amazing wonders today.