Take a look at the below list of Top 10 Remarkable Astronomical Clocks in The World of all time till 2017. Most people perceive astronomical clocks as designed and programmed to serve as contemporary and conventional clocks, which is a totally wrong perception. These are extra ordinary clocks fitted with special dials and different mechanisms to enable us obtain certain astronomical information. These information may include; zodiacal constellations, the moon or sun’s position along with the exact time of the day and even major planets at times. Astronomical clocks are an exceptional ancient clocks that were developed and are found all over the globe. Here is a summarised list of the top 10 remarkable astronomical clocks of all time.
List of Top 10 Remarkable Astronomical Clocks in The World of all time till 2017
10. The Gros Horloge
This clock is considered the pride of the people of Rouen in France. This clock is found in a Renaissance arch which was constructed in the year 1527. The location of this clock covers an equal distance between the Rouen Cathedral and the Place du Vieux Marche. The Gros Horloge has been functional since the year 1389 although its initial construction was completed around the 16th century. The dial of the clock measures 2.5 metres. The hand of the clock having a lamb at its end is the one that points the hour. The moon phases are visible in the Oculus inside a sphere measuring 30cm in diameter, when viewed above the face of the clock. This clock completes its rotation in twenty nine days. Also, at the base of the clock’s dial, is a hand decorated with allegoric characters, each for every day in the week.
9. The Olomouc
The Olomouc astronomical clock found in Olomouc, the Czech Republic, is considered one of the most famous wonder of the world. The Olomouc clock, which is a type of heliocentric astronomic clock has its lower dial representing the earth and also does the function of indicating time of the day, the date and the moon’s phase. Its upper dial consists of the sun and many more stars against its zodiac background. The clock is said to have been constructed between the years 1422 and 1517. The clock also has representations of 2 festivals and 12 seasons. The two festivals are the Ride of the Kings and the Procession of Maidens.
8. Clock of the Zytglogge Tower
This remarkable astronomical clock of the 15th century is found in the Zytgloggle tower of in Switzerland. This tower is said to have been built in the 13th century with two clock faces. The dials of this clock was made to take the form of an astrolabe. Also, its planisphere has been divided into 3 zones to display the sky at different times; the light blue sky during the day, the deep blue dawn sky and the black sky at night. The type of dial found in this clock is the Julian calendar dial. Since this clock does not support the leap days, it is manually set for every 29thFebruary of the leap year.
7. The Torrazzo
This famous bell tower is found in the Cathedral of Cremona, Lombardy, Italy. The Torrazzo tower has the world’s most important astronomical clock found in its fourth storey. The clock is said to have been built between the years 1583 and 1588. The outer side of this construction has undergone repainting several times and has the sky’s representation, has the zodiac constellations and also contains the constellations of the moon and the solar.
6. The Prague Orloj
This astronomical clock referred to as the Prague Orloj is found in Czech Republic’s capital city of Prague. The clock is in the form of a mounting on the Old Town Hall’s southern wall, in the Old town square. The working of the Orloj is governed by three major components. The first one is the astronomical dial which represents the positions of the moon and the sun and showing other several astronomical details. The second component is the Walk of the Apostles which is a show of the apostles and other moving objects including a skeleton (an indicator of death) which strikes the time hourly. The third component is a calendar dial. This dial contains medallions which represent the months. Legend has it that neglecting the orloj clock would bring suffering to the city.
5. The Strasbourg clock
This astronomical clock found in France was constructed between the years 1838 and 1843. This was after the former clock of the 16th century stopped functioning in the year 1788, hence the need to have it replaced. This clock is found in the Strasbourg’s Cathedrale Notre-Dame. The Strasbourg clock is made up of the mechanical Gregorian computus (perpetual). This planetary display is responsible for showing the actual positions the moon, the sun and the eclipses. This old-age clock has carvings of farmers, scientists, workers, athletes and other public members. These carvings give the Strasbourg clock an overwhelming appearance.
4. The Stara Bystrica
This clock takes the shape of the patron of Slovakia. The Stara Bystica is described as the country’s largest statue made of wood, and is the only one existing in Slovakia. These statuettes of the most prominent figures in the history of Slovakia give the exteriors of this clock an ornamental look. On the clock’s bells are the names Riecnicka madona and Sy Juraj. The function of the first bell is to display time while the second bell serves to accompany the saints. This clock has its astronomical part made up of an astrolabe which shows the position of the moon, solar and also the lunar phases. Computer controls the clockwork.
3. The Cosmic Engine
This astronomical clock was created in the year 1092 by Su Sung, a mathematician of China origin, in China. Now the clock is found in the Science Museum of London. The clock has a height of ten metres. It has a wheel rotating with either liquid mercury which is used in cold weathers or water to supply it with power. A similar model to the Cosmic Engine Clock is found in Taichung city’s National Museum of Natural Science.
2. The Wells Cathedral Clock
This astronomical clock is found in the Science Museum of London. This clock has the moon and sun revolving around the fixed earth, represented by a ball placed in the center. It has a dial that gives a model of the globe. The sun rotates in a circle against a star-made background, with roman numerals I to XII marked on it repeatedly to represent time. Its corners have got 4 angels which hold the cardinal winds. On the inside ring there is a small star that indicates the minutes. The phase of the moon is indicated by a pointer inside the inner circle. The clock does the function of giving the geocentric view of the universe.
1. The Horologium Mirabile Lundense
This clock was designed in the fifteenth century at the Lund Cathedral, Sweden. The construction of this clock then took place in the year 1425. The hour on the clock is marked by two knights found on this remarkable time piece. The clock has two boards. The lower board acts as the calendar while the upper one is the clock. In the centre is the Patron saint, St. Lawrence and by his side is the symbol representing the four Evangelists.
These Remarkable Astronomical Clocks of all time till 2017 are just but a few examples. There are other many more remarkable astronomical clocks found all over the world. Among them are the Taqi ad-Din’s clock found on the Istanbul observatory and the clock on the Zimmer tower in Belgium.