Take a look at the below list of Top 10 Deadly Diseases Known to Man 2017. Whenever you turn on a radio, TV, or open the newspaper, you will find some sort of health-related story. Generally, they are stories about diseases that are affecting large numbers of the population. Most often these stories are not even about the most deadly ones out there. The most talked about today are Ebola and Breast Cancer which do not even make the top 10 list for deadliest. Science and Medicine have made a lot of advancements towards the 10 deadliest diseases and have saved numerous lives over the years, however; many undeveloped countries still suffer from them. A lot of the diseases can be minimized and even prevented through education and prevention along with the proper treatments. These are the top 10 deadly diseases known to man that will hopefully be eliminated through more research.
List of Top 10 Deadly Diseases Known to Man 2017
A stroke will occur when an artery in the brain becomes blocked or begins to leak. This causes oxygen to be deprived of brain cells which begin to die within minutes. In 2012, strokes were the leading cause of death for millions. The CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention), estimates almost 130,000 people in just the U.S. die from strokes every year. That would measure out to one person every four minutes. A stroke can also cause severe disabilities in those that suffer from one.
The risk of having a stroke differ with your race and ethnicity. Risks are almost doubled for black persons as compared to those that are white. Black persons are more likely to die from a stroke over those of the whites. Those of Hispanics ethnicity fall somewhere in-between those of the black person and whites. No matter what your race or ethnicity, the risks for strokes come from high blood pressure, smoking, and high cholesterol. It is estimated that approximately half of all Americans suffer from at least one of these risk factors.
9. Lower Respiratory Infections
Diseases included under the lower respiratory infections classification are; bronchitis, influenza, and pneumonia. The flu season will last from December through February when it affects the most amounts of people at one time in the Northern Hemisphere. In the Southern Hemisphere, that season is June through August. In tropical areas, the risk of becoming infected are year round. The CDC reports approximately 20 percent of the travelers coming back into the U.S. after a foreign vacation need to seek medical attention for a respiratory infection.
The most common cause of lower respiratory infections is viral pathogens. Outbreaks are commonly associated with cruise ships, hotels, and tour groups. The air-pressure changes when a plane takes off or comes in for landing are common causes for the development of sinusitis and otitis media. You are at risk for direct airborne transmissions when flying even though air is filtered and recirculated, it is not fool-proof and often spreads these lower respiratory infections. These infections are preventable with vaccines available through your physician.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus shortened to HIV attacks your immune system and can cause AIDS also known as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. AIDS is a life-threatening disease that has taken the lives of over 39 million people since its outbreak. When infected with HIV, the virus will enter your body and live and multiply within your white blood cells. These are your cells that normally protect you from a disease. This disease weakens your immune system and makes you vulnerable to illnesses and infections from cancer to pneumonia. Once a person begins to display one or more of these conditions or lose a significant amount of their white blood cells, they are re-diagnosed with AIDS.
New medications have been created to help many infected people live longer and healthier, however; AIDS is still a fatal disease. There has been no cure found for AIDS. There are also no vaccines to prevent the HIV virus, only prevention methods. Practicing safe sex and using syringes and needles that have been sterilized are necessary to prevent contracting or spreading this deadly disease.
7. Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus affects the insulin production in your body. Type 1 diabetes is when the pancreas can no longer produce any amount of insulin. With Type 2 diabetes, the pancreas cannot produce enough to sufficiently take care of your body’s needs. This form of diabetes is often the result of a lack of exercise, poor diet, or being over-weight. This disease is much more common in low to middle-income countries. It was reported in 2015 approximately 1.5 million people died from this disease.
Diabetes can cause kidney failure, blindness, stroke, and heart attacks. Prevention of Diabetes 2 can be achieved through a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding smoking of tobacco. Once, diabetes is contracted it can be treated through medication.
Tuberculosis is also called, TB and is caused by a bacteria called, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This disease is an airborne one and can be successfully treated. Certain strains of tuberculosis are resistant to conventional treatments. Finding a second-line drug is difficult as they are limited in supplies. There are also strains that will not respond to second-line medications either. TB is more common in poorer countries and is reported to have killed more than 900,000 people in just one year.
TB can spread through your lymph nodes and bloodstream to affect any organ in your body. It most commonly found in a person’s lungs. The bacteria can live in a person’s body for years and never surface with symptoms until their immune system is weakened. When an immune system weakens such as in the elderly or those with HIV, TB can cause the death of tissue in their organs. When TB is active is can be fatal if not treated. This is one of the Top 10 Deadly Diseases Known to Man 2017.
5. Preterm Birth Complications
Preterm Birth Complications are responsible for as many as 1.1 million deaths in just one year. Complications due to low birth weight are responsible for deaths of infants within their first week of life. The general cause of these deaths is mainly resulting from poor medical care and is a huge problem in developing countries. Many of these deaths could have been prevented with the proper prenatal and postnatal care. Being born too early can cause short-term and long-term health problems for preemies. The baby’s weight at birth plays a large part in these complications.
Complications arising from preterm birth are problems with; breathing, heart, brain, temperature control, gastrointestinal, blood, metabolism, and immune systems. These are the short-term complications. There are long-term complication problems also which are; cerebral palsy, impaired cognitive skills, vision, hearing and dental problems. There can also be behavioral, psychological and chronic health issues.
4. Diarrheal Diseases
Diarrheal Disease is if you pass three or more loose stools in one day. If this condition lasts more than a few days, you will lose too much water and salt. Death from diarrheal disease is a result of dehydration. This disease is normally caused by an infection in your intestines and is transmitted by viruses, parasites, and even bacteria. It is known to be spread through contaminated water or food. It is highly more common in poor sanitary conditions. It has been estimated that more than 1.5 million people have died from diarrheal diseases in just one year.
According to one report, approximately 2.5 billion cases of diarrhea involve children under the age of five. Using good handwashing techniques can greatly reduce the spread of diarrheal diseases by as much as 40 percent. Improved sanitation and water quality are the main prevention against this deadly disease.
3. Trachea, Bronchus, and Lung Cancers
Trachea, Bronchus, and Lung Cancers are all diseases that affect the respiratory system. Their main cause is environmental toxins, second-hand smoke, and smoking. These diseases are responsible for approximately 2.9 percent of all deaths each year around the globe. Lung cancer is an uncontrolled cell growth within the tissue of the lungs. When it goes untreated, it will metastasis into tissue near it and other parts of the body.
The main reason for lung cancer is due to long-term tobacco smoking. Some cases are a result of genetic factors and those who have had exposure to asbestos, radon gas, air pollution, and second-hand smoke. This is a preventable disease by choosing not to smoke and refraining from being around those who do. Common treatment once contracted is surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy.
2. COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease makes it very hard to breathe. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are forms of this disease. There have been approximately 3.1 million deaths as a result of COPD in just one year. The main cause of COPD is smoking tobacco as well as exposure to second-hand smoke. Other factors that may cause this disease are air pollution, both inside and out and it affects women and men at the same rate. This disease will worsen over time as it reduces lung functions.
With COPD your airways and air sacs lose their elastic quality and the walls between them are often destroyed. These walls in your airways become thick and inflamed and as more mucus develops, it will clog your lungs. There are medications available to help with your breathing if you have developed this disease.
1. Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Artery Disease is perhaps the deadliest known to man and happens when the blood vessels supplying blood to the heart become narrowed. It is estimated this disease was responsible for approximately 7.4 million people in just one year. Risk factors for developing this disease are; high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and smoking. Prevention for developing it are getting plenty of exercise, healthy diet, and maintaining a healthy weight. Where you live on the globe has a lot to do with developing coronary artery disease. Fatal deaths from this disease have dropped in the U.S. and Europe.
Early action is your best defense against this deadly disease. Knowing the warning signs and symptoms so you can react and receive medical attention immediately could save your life. Receiving emergency medical treatment quickly will mean a greater survival rate.
Early detection seems to be one of the main defenses of these diseases. Living a healthy lifestyle will also prevent many of these top 10 deadly diseases known to man 2017.