Take a look at the below list of Top 10 Smallest Living Animals in The World in 2016-2017. Animals can be small, some even so small the human eye cannot even see them. Most people do not consider the mite to be an animal, but these minute arachnids, part of the invertebrates, have four pairs of legs and are related to the tick and only measure .0002mm. When a person thinks of an animal, they often think of something a bit larger and with more of a personality. These fall more into the vertebrae class which also has a variety of very small species. These are the top 10 smallest, living, vertebrate animals found in our world.
List of Top 10 Smallest Living Animals in The World 2016-2017
10. Madame Berthe’s Mouse Lemur
Madame Berthe’s Mouse Lemur lives in Madagascar and has an average body length of 92mm and weighs approximately 30g. It lives primarily in the Kirindy forest and was discovered in 1992 and originally thought to represent a rediscovery, but after genetic studies were found to be a new species. These lemurs use the tangles of tree vines to sleep in. They are known to sleep alone most of the time but have been found to sleep next to one or more other lemurs without preference to close relatives or members of the opposite sex.
The paedo cypris is the smallest fish measuring 7.9mm long. It is the smallest vertebrate and can be found in the peat swamp forests of Indonesia’s Sumatra Island. These incredibly tiny creatures have been found to be able to survive severe droughts. Their bodies are transparent and lack the common features of adult fish. They also have unique sexual dimorphism.
8. Slender Blind Snake
The Slender Blind Snake is from the family of snakes known as the smallest found in the world. The measure approximately 11cm in length and are found in both South and North America, Africa, and Asia. These snakes can burrow to feed on ants and termites. The typically eat ants, their pupae, and larvae.
7. Etruscan Shrew
The Etruscan shrew or White-Toothed Pygmy shrew measures at 36 to 53mm in length and weighs only 1.2 to 2.7g. This tiny creature is considered to be the smallest mammal and lives in forests and brush areas of Southern Asia and Southern Europe. This shrew forages for food which is mostly insects and is known to only have a lifespan of about 15 months.
6. Speckled Padloper Tortoise
The Speckled Padloper tortoise is the smallest turtle and can be found in South Africa. The males measure approximately six to eight centimeters and weigh only about 95 to 165 grams. Their shell is orange-brown in color and they are covered in hundreds of black spots. They differ from other turtles as they have five toes on their forefeet, while other turtles have only four.
5. Pygmy Marmoset
The Pygmy Marmoset is also known as the Dwarf Monkey and is the world’s smallest monkey. This monkey can be found in; Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, and Colombia. Their population live in stable troops with two to nine individuals and include one dominant male. A typical troop includes six individuals and are normally family members. These incredible small animals have developed their own communication system which includes vocal, chemical, and visual signals. The male weighs approximately 140g and females about 120g. The Pygmy Marmoset usually have twins when giving birth and live from eleven to sixteen years.
4. Pygmy Rabbit
The Pygmy rabbit is the smallest rabbit and lives in North America. Its range includes most of the Great Basin and can be found in southwestern Montana and Idaho. They have also been found in northern Nevada, northern Utah, and eastern California. As an adult, this rabbit only weighs about 400g and has a body 24cm to 29cm in length. Their habitat is generally in deep soils with a lot of dense, tall sagebrush that they rely on for cover as well as a food supply. These rabbits create runways through the sage thickets they use for travel and as escape routes from predators.
3. Gold Frog
The Gold frog is the smallest frog found in the Southern Hemisphere. The male gold frog measures about 9.8 mm in length when their legs are drawn in. They live in the streams along the mountain slopes of the Cordilleran cloud forests in west-central Panama. It is considered a national symbol in Panama and called one of the most beautiful frogs in Panama. Even though this creature holds the name of frog, it is actually in the toad family. The Gold Frog has a toxin that affects nerves cells and when you come into contact with it, you will suffer effects from this toxin.
2. Kitti’s Hog-Nosed Bat
The Kitti’s Hog-Nosed bat also known as the Bumblebee Bat lives in Thailand and Burma. This is the smallest bat measuring only 30 to 40mm in length and weighs only 1.5 to 2g. It gets its name as a bumblebee bat as it is about the same size as the bumblebee. The coat of the hog-nosed bat is reddish-brown or gray. These bats live in colonies that contain about 100 individual bats in each colony. This bat has a very distinctive hog-shaped nose and forages for food in the evening and dawn. The diet of this bat mostly consists of insects. The Kitti’s Hog-Nosed bat is in danger of becoming extinct due to the continued disturbance of its roosting sites.
1. Bee Hummingbirds
The Bee Hummingbird is the smallest bird and warm-blooded vertebrate. The bird can be found in Cuba and measures 5.7cm in length and weighs approximately 1.8g. The male has a green pileum and its throat is fire red, with bluish upperparts. The females are bluish green with a pale gray underside. The wings on this bird flap so fast at 90 times per second, the human eye cannot even see them move. Their eggs are smaller in size than coffee grounds and they eat and drink half their body mass every day.
Nature is an amazing thing. These small creatures are proof of that and their existence in our world make it all that more fascinating. No matter what the individual measurements are of these incredible, fascinating, and unique creatures, they all measure up to be the top ten amazing, smallest, living animals.